Nautical Mile/One Minute of Latitude We know that we measure in degrees (°), minutes (’) and seconds (ʺ)  or decimals of a minute. One minute of latitude is equal to one nautical mile (1,852 metres or 1.852 kilometres). TIP: You MUST measure distance from the latitude scale adjacent to the area you are working in …

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Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds – Decimalise Example

Conversions If you are calculating the time you will arrive at your destination, you would use the Speed, Distance, Time formula. To enable the use of a calculator we must convert the minutes (or seconds as per the example) to a decimal. Once calculated, the navigator would not say, “We will arrive in 3.5 hours, …

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Latitude and Longitude

Writing latitude and longitude correctly is extremely important. The next person on watch must be able to read and understand what you have written on the chart and in the log book. Latitude should always be written first (in some areas in the USA longitude is written first, latitude first is more widely accepted): E.g.                         …

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The Great Circle

The Great Circle is the largest circle that can be drawn around the Earth’s sphere. When cutting a sphere exactly in half you have cut along one of its great circles. All Meridians are great circles. The Equator is a great circle (i.e. cutting the Earth in half). Great circles are useful in planning routes …

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Longitude (Meridians)

The imaginary line drawn from the North Pole extending to the South Pole and running through Greenwich is the Prime Meridian. Just as the Equator divides the north and south hemispheres, the Prime Meridian divides the globe into east and west hemispheres. All lines on the Earth’s surface which run north to south as per …

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What do the Co-ordinates Mean? To find an exact position on Earth we must have two coordinates: Latitude and Longitude. Latitude and longitude are the lines that are drawn on charts (and maps). It is standard practice (and easier) to decimalise the minutes in order to use formulas for navigation. Latitude The equator: An imaginary …

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